Swing low, sweet chariot, Coming for to carry me home, Swing low, sweet chariot, Coming for to carry me home. Its source is the oral tradition of African Americans, but the concerts of the Fisk Jubilee Singers (PHH 476) and the Hampton Singers brought "Swing Low" to the attention of white audiences. 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Original Country: United States. Not long after Ella was born, Mrs. Sheppard learned that her master intended to sell her downriver and thereby separate her from her child and family. Other Title(s) Camp song (Title descriptor) Vocal group. This version of Swing Low, Sweet Chariot is arranged for 3 xylophone parts. However, during the second half England scored six tries to give them a 35–3 win. if ( localStorage.getItem(skinItemId ) ) { But before she reached the water’s edge an older slave woman stopped her. Reviews and Comments. Because there’s a completely different origin story for “Swing Low”—a story that has nothing to do with Wallace Willis, Aunt Minerva, Mississippi, or Oklahoma. However, the original lyrics were recorded as a song by the Fisk Jubilee Singers in 1909. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-mobile-inverted-img'); He adds that the old woman’s prophecy was fulfilled, as “After the war, the baby girl [Ella Sheppard] entered Fisk University and was a member of the Original Fisk Jubilee Singers, who stood before kings and queens.”. Behind the Song: “Little Drummer Boy,” by Leslie Odom Jr. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); Behind the Song: “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot”. [citation needed], 1999's tournament featured Russell Watson record a version which had less success, only peaking at number 38 on the UK chart. I Saw the Light #6. "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" was composed by Wallis Willis, a Choctaw freedman in the old Indian Territory in what is now Choctaw County, near the County seat of Hugo, Oklahoma sometime after 1865. Swing low, sweet chariot, Coming for to carry me home, Swing low, sweet chariot, Coming for to carry me home. [56] Former England player Maggie Alphonsi said "I think it's good the RFU are having a review, but I don't agree with it being banned". [44][52] The song is still regularly sung at matches by English supporters. Swing low, sweet chariot Comin' for to carry me home Swing low, sweet chariot Comin' for to carry me home Well now,if you get there before I do Comin' for to carry me home Tell all my friends that I'm a-comin' too Comin' for to carry me home Swing low, sweet chariot Commin' for to carry me home Swing low, sweet chariot Commin' for to carry me home How Great Thou Art #2. An RFU spokesperson said: “The ‘Swing Low, Sweet Chariot’ song has long been part of the culture of rugby and is sung by many who have no awareness of its origins or sensitivities. Another version was recorded by Blake for the 2007 Rugby World Cup. A music video to accompany the release of "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" was first released onto YouTube on 10 September 2015 at a total length of three minutes and ten seconds. The origins of “Swing Low” may be hazy, but like all spirituals it speaks clearly—to the strength, longing, and faith of men and women forced into bondage by their fellow men. "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" is an African-American spiritual song. Tenor vocal. [38] His version reached various singles charts, including Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. The Twickenham crowd had only seen one solitary England try in the previous two years and at half time against Ireland they were 0–3 down. ASCAP Experience, A “Life-Changing” Christmas Gift According to FINNEAS, John DeNicola Revisits ‘Dirty Dancing’ and Other Songs He Wrote on Debut, Industry Contact Database (Pro/Master Only), Lyric Critique Walkthroughs (Pro/Master Only). Others wave away these idle musings with impatient condescension. What a Friend We Have in Jesus #7. 20068). The words to swing low sweet chariot were given by Wallis Willis around 1865. It was also included in the list of Songs of the Century, by the Recording Industry Association of America and the National Endowment for the Arts. Traversing the nation and then the globe, the Fisk Jubilee Singers became a worldwide sensation, raising money for the college and popularizing spirituals like “Swing Low Sweet Chariot” … Oklahoma State Senator Judy Eason McIntyre from Tulsa proposed a bill nominating "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" as the Oklahoma State official gospel song in 2011. [50][51] Another account states that a group of boys from Douai School were the ones in the crowd to begin singing the song before it was taken up by other fans. It is an 9 measure song that can be taught within one or two class periods. [53], In 2020 the Rugby Football Union, in response to the increased interest in the Black Lives Matter movement after the killing of George Floyd, said it was "reviewing" fans' use of the song. "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" has been sung by rugby players and fans for some decades,[44] and there are associated gestures, sometimes used in a drinking game, which requires those who wrongly perform the gestures to buy a round of drinks. [48] It became associated with the English national side, in particular, in 1988. var _g1; Perhaps the most famous performance during this period was that by Joan Baez during the legendary 1969 Woodstock festival. Eddie Stockley Vocals. The questioner, George L. White, treasurer and music director at Fisk, was taken aback. [2], In 1939, Nazi Germany's Reich Music Examination Office added the song to a listing of "undesired and harmful" musical works.[6]. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-inverted-source'); } Pink Floyd's 1977 song, "Sheep", written by Roger Waters, makes reference to the song with the lyrics, "I've looked over Jordan and I have seen, things are not what they seem". The official account of this occasion from England Rugby is that a group of fans from Market Bosworth rugby club in the West Stand started singing the song before it was taken up by the rest of the crowd. [citation needed], The song enjoyed more success in 2003's tournament, but included the album Homegrown, when recorded by UB40 and the United Colours of Sound. Swing low, sweet chariot, Comin' for to carry me home; Swing low, sweet chariot, Comin' for to carry me home. In 1830, more than three decades before the Civil War began, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, which laid the groundwork for the removal of Native Americans from their ancestral homelands to reservations west of the Mississippi. Swing Low, Sweet Chariot. Computer, mp3 player or CD to play the song “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot” Coded Lyrics Worksheet Coded Lyrics Worksheet - Teacher Notes Student Spiritual Lyrics (teacher should pre-cut and put in box for students to draw from) “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot” Song video (optional) Perhaps the designation is the result of historic misogyny—misogyny at the time of the song’s inception and in the subsequent historic scholarship. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); 73,261. The song was then covered in 1995 for that year's tournament by British reggae duo China Black together with South African male choral group, Ladysmith Black Mambazo. [35], The noted jazz accordionist/composer John Serry Sr. recorded the composition with the jazz guitarist Tony Mottola Oklahoma Governor Mary Fallin signed the bill into law on May 5, 2011, at a ceremony at the Oklahoma Cowboy Hall of Fame; making the song the official Oklahoma State Gospel Song.[7]. English singer Ella Eyre released a cover version of the song on 7 September 2015 as a digital download in association with England Rugby, to coincide with the 2015 Rugby World Cup, with the song raising money for England Rugby's All Schools programme. Coming for to carry me home. This pattern goes back to work songs which were sung by slaves since their arrival in America, with written records … But before she reached the water’s edge an older slave woman stopped her. The song enjoyed a resurgence during the 1960s Civil Rights struggle and the folk revival; it was performed by a number of artists. } catch(e) {}, by First is the repetition of the refrain on every even-numbered line. Volume 90% With the historical record offering no clues, we can only speculate. No more words needed. In Swing Low, Sweet Chariot, a line of fashionable angels welcomes a man to heaven. ... referencing Swing Low, Sweet Chariot, 12", FBOY1. Of course the history of “Swing Low” precedes that recording, and even precedes the commercial recording of music. It reached number 15 on the chart, selling 200,000 copies. The song became the England Rugby World Cup theme for the 1991 Rugby World Cup, when performed by "Union featuring the England World Cup Squad". Swing Low, Sweet Chariot… Some historians question Willis’s authorship more generally, suggesting that he may have heard the song in Mississippi in his youth. The Swing Low, Sweet Chariot song has long been part of the culture of rugby and is sung by many who have no awareness of its origins or sensitivities. The song has frequently been used in films and television. When the Roll Is Called Up Yonder #6. As compelling as this story may be, it raises a number of questions. In recent years, reports of historically black colleges (HBCs) struggling to stay afloat have become commonplace. She said, “Wait, let de chariot of de Lord swing low, and let me take one of de Lord’s scrolls an’ read it to you.” In his 1915 book, Folk Song of the American Negro, Work suggests the old woman went on to prophesy thusly: “God’s got a great work for dis baby to do; she’s goin’ to stand befo’ kings and queens. I saw a U.S. Marine in a pile of debris". Perhaps it’s the result of evidence that at one point existed but has never found its way into the historic record. ... Amazon Ignite Sell your original Digital Educational Resources: Amazon Rapids Fun stories for kids on the go : RSO Records released it with the B-side "Pretty Blue Eyes" as a seven-inch gramophone single in May the same year, produced by Tom Dowd. Given the institution’s dire financial straits, Fisk’s Treasurer and Music Director, George L. White, floated an intriguing idea: Why not send a group of students out across the nation to sing and raise funds? Kenny Bobien Vocals. _g1.classList.remove('lazyload'); "The Swing Low, Sweet Chariot song has long been part of the culture of rugby and is sung by many who have no awareness of its origins or its sensitivities. Are you a songwriter? Source of original recording: Recorded Sound Section, Library of Congress. An upbeat party anthem version of Swing Low, Sweet Chariot – The Song was premiered at the "Polo Rocks" concert in aid of The Prince's Trust. Like some slaves owned by Choctaw, he may have been shipped to Oklahoma by boat. Bass vocal. Funkadelic, ... "swing down, sweet chariot stop, and, let me ride!" _g1.classList.remove('lazyload'); Alexander Reid, a minister at the Old Spencer Academy, a Choctaw boarding school, heard Willis singing these two songs and transcribed the words and melodies. In Oklahoma, Mr. Willis was leased by his master to the Spencer Academy, a school for Choctaw boys established by Euro-American missionaries intent on educating and assimilating Native Americans. Traversing the nation and then the globe, the Fisk Jubilee Singers became a worldwide sensation, raising money for the college and popularizing spirituals like “Swing Low Sweet Chariot” along the way. Noah Walker Ryder , Alfred Garfield King. Fisk University Jubilee Quartet. 2.5M. aback. He may have been inspired by the sight of the Red River, by which he was toiling, which reminded him of the Jordan River and of the Prophet Elijah's being taken to heaven by a chariot (2 Kings 2:11). In 1871, just five years after its founding, Fisk University, a prominent HBC located in Nashville, TN was, for lack of funds, facing the prospect of closing its doors. Swing low, sweet chariot, Comin' for to carry me home; Swing low, sweet chariot, Comin' for to carry me home. Swing Low, Sweet Chariot is also the title of an African American spiritual of slave origins. See more of our African-American History and Folk Song Lyrics . The Jubilee Singers popularized the songs during a tour of the United States and Europe. First documented singing at Twickenham (1987), First documented singing at an England international match (1988), Recording Industry Association of America, "Story behind spiritual 'Swing Chariot' emerges", "Michael Overall, How an Oklahoma slave came to write one of the world's most famous songs", "Story behind spiritual 'Sweet Chariot' emerges", "A Guide to The Underground Railroad in New Jersey", "Oklahoma House Approves 'Swing Low, Sweet Chariot' As State Gospel Song", "The 'Addams Family Values' Cast Reveals Behind-The-Scenes Secrets 20 Years Later", "The Birth of a Nation: how Nate Parker failed to remake history", "The Amazing World of Gumball succeeds with a simple, silly origin story", "Rugby must make the most of popularity surge following Japan – Joe Marler should be the new face of the sport on TV", "The Peggy Lee Bio-Discography And Videography", "Leone Jump; Swing Low, Sweet Chariot; The Jazz Me Blues; Nursery Rhymes", "Eric Clapton – Swing Low Sweet Chariot – hitparade.ch", Dutchcharts.nl – Eric Clapton – Swing Low Sweet Chariot", Charts.nz – Eric Clapton – Swing Low Sweet Chariot", "The story behind "Swing Low Sweet Chariot" and how it became a rugby anthem", "Oti the man to blame as 'Swing Low Sweet Chariot' continues to roll", "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot rugby 'mystery solved, "Complicated history of Swing Low, Sweet Chariot needs to be taught and honoured", "The story of how Swing Low, Sweet Chariot became England Rugby's anthem", "Italy 11 – England 52: Stuart Lancaster's men end with a flourish", "Prince Harry backs rugby move to kick out slavery song Swing Low, Sweet Chariot", "Ex-Engand hooker Brian Moore says Swing Low, Sweet Chariot must go", "Black Lives Matter: RFU reviewing use of slave song Swing Low, Sweet Chariot", "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot: Boris Johnson says song should not be banned", "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot – Single by Ella Eyre", "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100", Listen to an a cappella version of Swing Low Sweet Chariot, Hash House Harrier version of gestures for 'Swing Low', Swing Low Sweet Chariot performed by the Joe Biviano Accordion and Rhythm Sextette including John Serry Sr. (accodordion), Angelo Delleria (accordion), and Tony Mattola (guitar) in 1945 on archive.org, National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park, Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad State Park, Niagara Falls Underground Railroad Heritage Center, The Railroad to Freedom: A Story of the Civil War, Me and Mr. Johnson / Sessions for Robert J, Clapton Chronicles: The Best of Eric Clapton, In Concert: A Benefit for the Crossroads Centre at Antigua, Slowhand at 70 – Live at the Royal Albert Hall, Play the Blues: Live from Jazz at Lincoln Center, George Harrison–Eric Clapton 1991 Japanese Tour, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Swing_Low,_Sweet_Chariot&oldid=991420584, United States National Recording Registry recordings, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from October 2018, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from October 2018, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles with self-published sources from February 2020, Pages using infobox song with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 23:52. Traditional - Swing Low Sweet Chariot Lyrics. The Choctaw people, the largest Indian group in Mississippi, were some of the first to set off on the notorious Trail of Tears. The World Rugby Museum in 2020 unearthed archive footage of Swing Low being sung at Twickenham when Martin Offiah (nicknamed "Chariots" as a play-on-words referencing the 1981 film Chariots of Fire), played in the 1987 Middlesex Sevens tournament. Having arrived by a horse-drawn chariot, he greets them with open arms. England rugby bosses say they are reviewing the singing of Swing Low, Sweet Chariot by supporters due to many fans being unaware of the song's slavery origins or "sensitivities". try { Swing Low, Sweet Chariot is thought to have been composed by a slave called Wallace Wallis with his wife Minerva in the mid-1800s. } One might ask why history has tended to designate authorship to Wallace Willis rather than to his wife Aunt Minerva or to the couple jointly? In 2002, the US Library of Congress honored the song as one of 50 recordings chosen that year to be added to the National Recording Registry. Although there is no one particular author associated with these lyrics, the style is clearly recognizable, and all of the individual elements that we can see in this poem are easy to trace back to slave experiences. According to Robert E. Flickinger, superintendent of another Choctaw school in Oklahoma, not long thereafter, Reverend Reid met White and the Jubilee signers in Brooklyn with transcribed versions of a number of Mr. Willis and Aunt Minerva’s songs in tow, “Swing Low” amongst them. _g1.setAttribute('srcset', _g1.getAttribute('data-srcset')); Swing low, sweet chariot. Category. For the 2011 Rugby World Cup in New Zealand, all-girl group Our Lady Muse (O.L.M) released an England Rugby World Cup Song. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-mobile-inverted-source'); In the Bible, the prophet Elijah was carried to heaven by a chariot of fire at the end of his life. The bill was co-sponsored by the Oklahoma State Black Congressional Caucus. When not bowed before the scorching sun and tending the school’s cotton fields, Mr. Willis and his wife, known to history only as Aunt Minerva, lived on the edge of campus in a wood cabin overlooking a small, bending river. The earliest known recording was in 1909, by the Fisk Jubilee Singers of Fisk University. The lyrics “Swing low, sweet chariot, coming for to carry me home” are reminiscent of Elijah in 2 Kings being taken to heaven in a chariot. In fact, he was so enthralled by their songs that when asked how he liked the songs performed by the Fisk Jubilee Singers in a Newark, New Jersey show he attended in 1871, he quipped, “Very well, but I’ve heard better ones.”, George L. White, treasurer and music director at Fisk, was taken. _g1.setAttribute('srcset', _g1.getAttribute('data-srcset')); There are several theories about its … In the Sweet By and By #4. The earliest known recording was in 1909, by the Fisk Jubilee Singers of Fisk University. if ( localStorage.getItem(skinItemId ) ) { But that is not the only question raised by this account. Amazing Grace #5. 16453) on December 1, 1909,[29] and two years later the Apollo Jubilee Quartette recorded the song on Monday, February 26, 1912, Columbia Records (A1169), New York City. Concerning as these reports are, the phenomenon is not new. Swing Low, Sweet Chariot. Precious Memories #3. Be the first! Unconventional as the idea was, it worked—far better than anyone could have imagined. was said to enjoy the couple’s songs so much, he often directed them to sing for the school’s students and visitors. According to Work, it was there that Sarah Hannah Sheppard gave birth to Ella Sheppard, choirmaster of the first Fisk Jubilee Singers. In the evening, the couple often sat outside singing “Swing Low Sweet Chariot,” “Steal Away to Jesus,” and other spirituals. According to Work, this story and the subsequent song, “Swing Low Sweet Chariot,” were “passed from mouth to mouth” until the song evolved into its current form. As a result of the old woman’s intervention, Mrs. Sheppard spared Ella’s life. Collections / Audio First recording of Swing Low, Sweet Chariot (1909) Left to right: Alfred G. King (first bass), James A. Myers (second tenor), Noah W. Ryder (second bass) and John W. Work II (first tenor) — Source. Don’t you do it, honey.” As a result of the old woman’s intervention, Mrs. Sheppard spared Ella’s life. Sweet Chariot (Soul Creation Original Mix) Credits (10) George Mena Keyboards, Programmed By, Edited By. Vocal. She said, “. The song is attributed to Wallace Willis, a slave from Oklahoma; his … Former rugby player Brian Moore and Prince Harry both argued that the song should no longer be sung in rugby contexts. First circulated by John W. Work, Jr., member of the Fisk Jubilee Singers, this alternative version begins on a plantation in Tennessee. If you get there before I do, Coming for to carry me home, Tell all my friends I’m coming, too. It refers to the Biblical story of the Prophet Elijah's being taken to heaven by a chariot. floated an intriguing idea: Why not send a group of students out across the nation to sing and raise funds? [1][2] Some sources[3][4] claim that this song and "Steal Away"[5] (also sung by Willis) had lyrics that referred to the Underground Railroad, the freedom movement that helped black people escape from Southern slavery to the North and Canada. [61] The England national rugby union team returned from the 2003 Rugby World Cup triumph in Australia on a plane dubbed "Sweet Chariot".[62]. He sent the music to the Jubilee Singers of Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee. It originally peaked at number 23, but following England's victory in the tournament returned to reach number 15. I looked over Jordan, And what Genre(s) Religious. Complete your The Original Five Blind Boys Of Alabama* collection. You can really put your back into singing it, and swinging it. Tuff Jam remix is a real cheeky one. 5.0 out of 5 stars 3. About “Swing Low Sweet Chariot” (Unreviewed) Louis' rendition of this African American spiritual pays homage to the Biblical tales of Elijah and the prophetic chariot. Jazmina Vocals. by Anthem Lights. "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" is an African-American spiritual song. Coming for to carry me home". Concerning as these reports are, the phenomenon is not new. And why? _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-inverted-img'); While some struggled on foot, their meager possessions hoisted on their backs, others rode on horseback, their African-American slaves trailing behind them, doing their bidding. No comments posted. Its origins lie in the antebellum South, during a time when African-Americans were shackled in chains and sold as chattel, and Native Americans weren’t treated much better. It reached number 16 on the UK singles chart. Down by the Riverside #3. In horror, she ran towards the nearby Cumberland River, intent on drowning herself and her baby Ella. [45][46] Folk singer Joe Stead claimed he introduced it to the rugby fraternity as early as 1960 after hearing it from civil rights activist Paul Robeson. Description Not long after Ella was born, Mrs. Sheppard learned that her master intended to sell her downriver and thereby separate her from her child and family. [59][60] In the wake of the tournament, UB40 performed the song at a concert at the NEC Arena Birmingham that was attended by England rugby fans and captain Martin Johnson. "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" contains the lyrics, "I looked over Jordan and what did I see? var _g1; “Swing Low Sweet Chariot” is a spiritual song in the style developed by American Negro slaves during the nineteenth century. Jon Little Swing Low, Sweet Chariot. According to Robert E. Flickinger, superintendent of another Choctaw school in Oklahoma, not long thereafter, Reverend Reid met White and the Jubilee signers in Brooklyn with transcribed versions of a. number of Mr. Willis and Aunt Minerva’s songs in tow, “Swing Low” amongst them. A. Myers. Southern Gospel Medley: I’ll Fly Away / Swing Low (Sweet Chariot) / I Saw the Light. Boris Johnson has criticised a review by rugby union authorities into the song Swing Low, Sweet Chariot, saying the focus should be on the “substance” of efforts to combat racism.. I looked over Jordan, And WHAT did I see, Comin' for to carry me home, A band of angels comin' after me, Comin' for to carry me home. This is one of the best-known African American spirituals in Christian history. In 1871, just five years after its founding, Fisk University, a prominent HBC located in Nashville, TN was, for lack of funds, facing the prospect of closing its doors. Swing Low, Sweet Chariot helps students practice the following skills: -syncopated accompaniment -playing a melody in G Pentatonic -starting a Enter the American Songwriter Lyric Contest. What is not debatable is this: Wallace Willis, a Negro slave born in Mississippi and owned by Britt Willis, a Choctaw, was forcibly moved to Oklahoma. John Wesley Work II, J. 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Album All Time Gospel Favorites [ Time life ] [ 52 ] the song in the tournament to... Returned to reach number 15 on the UK singles chart recording [ 28 ] was by the Fisk University wave! It reached number 15 taught within one or two class periods Clapton recorded a reggae of! Zealand and the United States and Europe: Why not send a of... Musician Eric Clapton recorded a reggae version of the old woman ’ s authorship more generally, suggesting he. With open arms the phenomenon is not new it, and even precedes the commercial recording of Swing. By this account Disc ] # 1 Platinum Disc ] # 1 ran towards the nearby Cumberland River intent... Fact, the original lyrics were recorded as a song by the Fisk Jubilee Singers Fisk. Only question raised by this account man to heaven by a Chariot fire! Gave birth to Ella Sheppard, swing low, sweet chariot original of the song in Mississippi in his youth Creation original ). Is one of the refrain on every even-numbered line not the only question raised this! Title ( s ) Camp song ( Title descriptor ) Vocal group 10 ) George Mena Keyboards, by. Time Gospel Favorites [ Time life ] [ Bonus tracks ] # 1 the phenomenon is the., Sweet Chariot '' contains the lyrics, `` I looked over Jordan and what Swing,. One or two class periods this account particular, in particular, in 1988 the most famous during! Was made in 1909, by the Fisk University Jubilee Quartet for Victor Records ( no for 3 xylophone.... May have heard the song: “ Swing Low, Sweet Chariot ( Soul original! Musician Eric Clapton recorded a reggae version of the Prophet Elijah was carried to...., We can only speculate historical record offering no clues, We can only speculate version... Away these idle musings with impatient swing low, sweet chariot original, treasurer and music director at Fisk, was aback. Singers of Fisk University Jubilee Quartet for Victor Records ( no [ Time life ] [ Bonus tracks ] 1... Have imagined recorded a reggae version of the refrain on every even-numbered line of debris '' was the... Questioner, George L. White, treasurer and music director at Fisk, was taken.! And music director at Fisk, was taken aback of the song ’ s intervention, Mrs. spared... Music to the Biblical story of the Prophet Elijah 's being taken to heaven that... An 9 measure song that can be taught within one or two class periods it... An 9 measure song that can be taught within one or two class periods song: Swing.

swing low, sweet chariot original

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